PBS Nova special on Galileo: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/galileo-battle-for-the-heavens.html
Animated drawings to demonstrate some of the astronomical arguments in the game: http://www2.washjeff.edu/physics/galileo/demo/index.html
Galileo Project at Rice University: http://galileo.rice.edu/
CATHOLIC CHURCH DOCTRINE:
Translation of the Latin Vulgate Bible: http://www.drbo.org/
Council of Trent decrees: http://history.hanover.edu/texts/trent.html
Be aware in these commentaries that Aquinas will often include entire passages from Aristotle (usually appearing in Greek to the left), before sharing his commentary. If you quote Aquinas, make sure you are quoting him rather than Aristotle.
Thomas Aquinas’s Commentary on Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics: http://dhspriory.org/thomas/PostAnalytica.htm
Thomas Aquinas’s Commentary on Aristotle’s On the Heavens: http://dhspriory.org/thomas/DeCoelo.htm
Thomas Aquinas’s Summa Theologica: http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/17611/pg17611.html
AUGUSTINE & SCRIPTURAL INTERPRETATION
On Christian Doctrine http://www9.georgetown.edu/faculty/jod/augustine/ddc.html
It’s the Spanish Inquisition in this Mel Brooks’ clip, but it’s still funny.